58 Flavor Vol. 43 • January 2018 | Perfumer & Flavorist www.PerfumerFlavorist.com
Propyl acetate, natural
FEMA# 2925, CAS# 190- 60-4, natural
Odor: 100%. Sharp, pungent, ethereal, fruity and
Taste: 5 ppm. Slightly winey, alcoholic and fresh
with a fruity top note.
Taste: 10 ppm. Winey, alcoholic, sweet and fruity
with a grape skin nuance.
Possible applications: The main quality of this ester
provides a general fruity impact, particularly in
most fruit and alcoholic types of flavors including grape, plum, apple and vodka, wine, beer and
Sigma Aldrich: www.sigmaaldrich.com
Ethyl isovalerate, natural
Supplier: Sigma Aldrich
FEMA# 2463, CAS# 108-64-5, natural
Natural occurrence: Apple, cider, blueberry, cognac,
pineapple, plum, rum, strawberry and cheese.
Odor: 100%. Fruity, apple-like, sweet and fresh.
Taste: 5 ppm. Sweet, fruity, fresh, juicy and
Taste: 10 ppm. Sweet, fruity and fermented with a
hint of funk.
Possible applications: This ester is always welcome
to add sweet, fruity notes and brightness in apple
flavors, as well as blueberry, grape, cranberry,
plum, pineapple, strawberry, blackberry and perhaps a hint in Italian aged cheeses, like parmesan
Geranyl propionate, natural
Supplier: Sigma Aldrich
FEMA# 2517, CAS# 105-90-8, natural
Natural occurrence: Geranium, cardamom, hops,
bitter orange and wormwood.
Odor: 100%. Sharp, green, floral, waxy, fruity and
Taste: 2 ppm. Oily, green, waxy, floral, rosy, fruity
Taste: 5 ppm. Fruity, floral, waxy, green and
Possible applications: The fruity, pear-like notes
of this natural ester will grace pear, apple and
quince flavors alike. Its rosy quality will enhance
plum, peach, apricot, pineapple and floral flavors
like rose, hibiscus and the like.
FEMA# 3635, CAS# 19322-27-1,
Natural occurrence: Blackberry and soy sauce.
Odor: 100%. Sweet, brown, caramellic, molasses-like and syruplike.
Taste: 20 ppm. Brown, slightly burnt, caramellic
and slightly coffee-like.
Taste: 40 ppm. Burnt, coffeelike, brown, caramellic
Possible applications: Synonyms for this lactone are
toffee furanone and chicory furanone which indicates flavors where they are useful. Other flavors
where they will add sweet, brown notes are maple,
coffee, brown sugar, chocolate, malt, honey, rum
butterscotch, toasted bread and caramel.
FEMA# 2785, CAS# 821-55-6, natural
Natural occurrence: Beer, butter, cheese, coconut,
rice, potato chip, rue, strawberry and watermelon.
Odor: 1%. Waxy, fatty, earthy, slightly mushroomlike, cheesy and butter-like.
Taste: 1 ppm. Waxy, creamy and slightly gorgonzola/blue cheese-like
Taste: 2 ppm. Waxy, creamy, slightly fungal, earthy
and gorgonzola/blue cheese-like.
Possible applications: This is a very helpful ketone in
many dairy flavors such as cream, milk, melted
butter, sour cream and cheese, especially mold-ripened cheeses including brie, gorgonzola, blue
and St. Andre.